Review of a Great White Shark Cage Dive in Gansbaai, South Africa

I’d waited years to go cage diving with great white sharks off the coast of South Africa, so when the day finally came to make it happen I was counting down the seconds until I dropped down into that cage. I found the experience of coming face to face with these sharks to be as thrilling as I’d hoped but for but I definitely learned a few pointers from my experience. So here’s a review of my time cage diving with great white sharks and some things to know and tips to help you make the most out of your experience.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Massive great white lunges from the water.

Booking

I suggest booking online and as far out as possible. This is a a growing attraction in South Africa and more and more travelers are getting in on the action. As soon as you know your dates that you’ll be in the area, I suggest going on line booking your ticket, especially if you’re booking as a group. You can book tickets here for an experience with Marine Dynamics (highly recommended). 

Be as flexible as possible

The outings for the great whites can’t happen everyday due to the ever-changing conditions of the sea and weather. In fact, the tours usually cannot be confirmed until the day before the shark dive. Thus, if you’re going to be in the area for a few days, I recommend booking your shark dive tour at the beginning of your time in South Africa and then trying to remain flexible with an alternate day or two later on in the week just in case you aren’t able to make it out to the sharks that day.

Another thing, because you’re dealing with nature there’s never a 100% guarantee that you’ll see sharks. However, the sighting rates for these tour companies are very high so the odds are usually in your favor. If you don’t see a shark, you should be able to reschedule an additional tour free of charge and if you’re not able to reschedule, they will usually refund you 50% of your fees.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
It’s never guaranteed that you’ll encounter a great white.

The tour

If you’re coming from Cape Town, you’ll have about a 2.5 hour one-way journey to Gansbaai, South Africa. This is a very scenic route through the hills and along part of the coast line and if you’re lucky you might even be able to do some baboon spotting. When we did our tour we scheduled a bus-van pick up but if I could do it all over again, I may have just rented a car to go along at our own pace. It all depends on your personal preference of course, but the 2.5 hour ride will be a pleasant one regardless of how you get there.

If you go with the tour option that includes transportation, your pick-up time will vary and could be as early as 3 am or as late as noon, so again, the key is to remain as flexible as possible and to remember that even if you have to wake up at a ridiculous hour, it will all be worth it in the end.

Prepping

Once you make it to Gansbaai, you’ll meet in the The Great White House, a cozy building that acts as the headquarters for the cage diving. There, you’ll be served with real breakfast options like eggs, sausage, rolls, cereal, coffee, etc.

Gansbaai Great White Shark Dive
A real breakfast awaits you at the Great White House.

I recommend trying to consume as many calories as you can in the morning so that you don’t have to worry about your appetite when on board. And even if you do get a little hungry when on board, they should have chips and sandwiches to help hold you over until you make it back to land.

While you’re eating breakfast, the staff will call you down stairs and take your size needed for your wetsuits and booties and also take the payment for your tour if you haven’t already paid. 

After  you’re checked-in and have had a little breakfast, you’ll begin watching an introduction video that will give you some background on the sharks and safety tips and instruction for going out on your tour. You’ll also learn about some of the conservation efforts of the diving company to help preserve the sharks and their ecosystem. 

Gansbaai Great White Shark Dive
Watching the intro video.

You’ll likely e given a small green clip that will act as your “ticket” for getting on board so don’t lose it. 

Gansbaai Great White Shark Dive
The “ticket” to get on board.

You’ll then head outside to get suited with a life jacket and a thick weatherproof orange coat that will help you from freezing when the wind picks up. If it’s windy and cold outside, this jacket will be a godsend on your way out to the sharks. Our morning started a little cloudy and then turned into a very sunny day so we felt just fine, but I could see how on a very windy and cold winter day, you’d want to bundle up with these coats and perhaps even a beanie and a pair of gloves. 

Gansbaai Great White Shark Dive
Loading into the boat.

The boat is called “Slashfin,” and “is the first aluminium boat of its kind in the industry, specifically designed and built for low maintenance, stability, speed and superior safety and comfort.” It can comfortably fit up to 40 people at a time and comes with 2 toilets and an upper and lower deck. On each deck, you’ll find seats with storage compartments underneath. There should be plenty of room to store all your belongings and keep them shut away from the elements.

The ride out to the sharks

The ride out to where the sharks linger is a short one; I believe it only took us around 15-20 minutes to make it to our “dive” spot, though that can always vary by a little. This was a huge relief since on a prior trip to whale sharks, we had about 2.5 hours of waiting time to find them!

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Getting a little battered by the wind on the way out.

The dive spot is in shallow water probably around 30 feet, so for those of you who don’t like to venture way out into the deep sea, you don’t have anything to worry about.

Once you arrive to this spot, the staff will start handing out red bags containing your wet suits and booties. (Remember to wear your swimwear underneath your clothes.) 

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Getting ready to change into your wet suits.

Our wetsuits and booties came dry and in great condition. The trickiest part of the trip is trying to slip on your wetsuit while the boat is rocking a bit. This was especially tough up on the top deck. Just take your time and ask for help if you need it and you’ll be in your wetsuit in to time.

The cage dive experience begins

As soon as the boat makes it to the diving spot, the staff will start assembling the cage and attaching it to the side of the boat.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Attaching the cage to the side of the boat.

They’ll also spread chum and fish oil into the water to create a scent trail in order to attract the sharks.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Pouring fish oil into the ocean.

We were assured that based on current research, these methods do not have a deleterious effect on the sharks and merely act as an enticement for them, much like smelling a good meal would be for us humans.

Once the chum is out and the fish oil poured, you’ll hopefully begin to start getting your first shark sightings!

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
First great white I’ve ever seen in real life checking out a seal decoy.

As the sharks start showing up, they start instructing people to get into the cage. Right before you enter, they’ll fit you with goggles (no snorkel needed) and a weigh belt that goes around your shoulder and you’ll queue up to get in. There didn’t seem to be any predetermined order of who goes in first but my advice is to try to be in one of the first couple of groups since it seems like the later groups didn’t receive as much interest from the sharks. Some of that may just come down to luck but I think it makes sense that some of the sharks only linger around for a short while until they figure out there’s really nothing for them. 

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Getting ready to head into the cage looking ridiculous.

The cage fits about eight people. To get in, they’ll open up the top latch and then have you climb down the interior side of the cage like a ladder. The first one in goes to the opposite end and then every one else falls in behind, forming a line along the cage.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Climbing out of the shark cage.
Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
The Marine Dynamics shark cage.

In the cage there are multiple bars for you to grasp (on the inside of the cage) with your hands and to help keep yourself underwater with your feet. You’ll be bobbing around in the cage regardless of what position you take, but the bars will help you stabilize so it’s not that bad. With eight people in the cage, it does feel a bit crammed but not to the point where it feels unsafe or threatening. And of course, you want to keep your hands and feet inside the cage at all times. 

Water temperature

The water can range from 12º C/53º F and 20º C/70ºF. Obviously in the winter the water will be its chilliest and during our visit in later winter, the water was hovering around 16º C/61º F.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
A little chilly when I first got in!

However, with the wet suit they provide you (complete with hood and booties), your body quickly warms up and the temperature of the water is not really an issue, especially once the sharks start showing up and you’re not even thinking about the cold. If you’re very sensitive to cold temperatures, however, you may want to get out a little early, which is fine. The staff is willing to help anyone out of the cage at any time if they want to get out. 

Visibility

The murkiness of what water depends on a lot of different factors, such as the winds, currents, tide, and so forth. The staff will be able to tell you what kind of visibility will be expected for that day on the day of your dive, but I don’t think there’s any way to predict it ahead of time. On average visibility can be between 6 – 8 m, but “it can go up to 12 – 15 m on a good day and down to 1 – 3 m on a bad day.”

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Visibility is not always the greatest.

On our outing, visibility was about 1.5 meters, so we caught in on a “bad day,” but our experience was still fantastic. If you catch it on a day like ours, this means that you won’t be able to see the sharks coming in from a far distance. Instead, you’ll rely on the spotters on board to know when to dunk yourself and where to look for the sharks coming in. Once the sharks do get within range, you have great views of them and the murkiness isn’t really an issue. 

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Shark easily spotted, despite murky water conditions.

The cage dive experience

Once you’re in the cage keep your ears open for the instruction of the spotters will direct you where to look in order to find the sharks. 

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Inside the shark cage, waiting for instructions from the spotters.

There are two people on board who throw out items to lure the sharks. One person throws out a seal decoy on one side of the cage and the other person throws out a ball of dead fish. They are thrown out on either side of the cage so that they can lure the sharks from either direction, allowing for divers on both sides of the cage to get great views of the sharks.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Throwing out a some bait to lure a shark.

Once you’re in the cage, the bait handlers and spotters will tell you to look left, right, or in front. Once you hear that you submerge yourself into the water and look in that direction. Chances are that within a couple of seconds, you’ll see a shark heading your way. (One way to know if a shark is coming is if the the hundreds of fish swimming nearby disperse in an instant.)

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
These fish get out of dodge will real quick when a shark is approaching.

Sometimes the sharks veer away quickly and you never see anything more than a fin or tail but sometimes they hang around making a few spectacular lunges for the bait.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Great white lunging for a deal decoy.

And sometimes, they come into contact with the cage and almost swallow your GoPro as you can see in my video below!

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Very close encounter with a great white!

There’s no telling how many different sharks may come around but our instructors spotted a total of 5 or 6 different sharks (we also were greeted by two giant stingrays!).

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Great white investigating a decoy.

A couple of the sharks are common guests, like Scarlett, a beautiful great white who spent a lot of time hanging out around the cage.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Scarlett.

The sharks are fast…

When the sharks are just investigating what’s going on at the surface they just sort of mosey around and it’s easy to spot them and observe them, but when they decide to go for the decoy or the bait, they are very fast. So whether you are on the boat above or in the water below, keep your eyes open and be ready for it because the action happens very quickly sometimes.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Great White moving in for the bait line.

There’s no strict time limit for how long you’re allowed to be in the cage. The goal of the staff is to allow everyone to have the same experience with the sharks so one group may see 5 sharks in 10 minutes while another group sees 5 sharks in 30 minutes. It all varies but you can be assured that the staff is doing their best to attract the sharks for you.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Close up of a Great White.

One thing that the staff will tell you to do in order to encourage the sharks to visit you while you are in the cage is to make seal noises! At first I was sure it was a joke but apparently it works. You submerge yourself underwater and make “bahhh” noises like sheep. This apparently sounds like a seal underwater and helps to attract the sharks and is worth a try if you’re not seeing any sharks.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Great white just below the water.

Tips for photographing or taking video

Photographing or video recording these sharks can be tricky so here are some tips.

Inside the cage 

The first tip is for when you’re in the cage. When you’re in the cage, I suggest trying to get one of the ends of the cage, preferably the side where the ball of dead fish gets thrown. Yes, it means you’ll be the closest to that ball of dead fish, but it will probably give you the best chance of getting close to a great white, since they tend to go for the fish a lot and will often whip around the side of the cage, right next to where you’ll be. 

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Getting close to the ball of fish is key to close encounters with the great whites!

I personally would just go with a GoPro or other video camera and then pull still images from that later on. Based on my prior experiences, taking still photographs in murky water with a lot of thrashing hardly ever turns out well.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Still image taken from GoPro.

I also suggest trying to record a few feet under the water’s surface. The reason is that if you place your camera right at or under the water’s surface, there’s a good chance that the splashing from the shark or bait will ruin your shot. But if you’re under the water, these things won’t affect you as much.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Another Still image taken from GoPro.

That doesn’t mean you need to keep your camera submerged the whole time. Sometimes you might be able to follow a shark up out of the water and get an amazing up close shot of its “jaws” lunging for bait. That’s probably going to require more luck than anything, though, since the sharks are so quick and you never know how they’re going to react. So if you go with that technique I’d use is sparingly.

Outside the cage

If you’re not in the cage the best place to take photographs of the sharks is on the boat next to the handlers throwing out the decoys and the bait on the bottom deck. They will lure the sharks toward you and you can use their spotting abilities to help you spot the shark.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Great white shark with the open jaws! My favorite shot I took.

If you want to photograph an awesome “Jaws” like shot then you need to just start firing your shutter as soon as they spot the shark and you can make out its silhouette.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Start taking shots as soon as you see the shark appearing near the water’s surface.

Just keep taking photographs, following the sharks movement and if and when it does decide to lunge out of the water, you’ll have a good chance of capturing its powerful jaws opening up.

Otherwise, if you don’t anticipate it’s movements, it will be next to impossible to photograph the shark before it goes back under and you’ll probably not be able to photograph its face/jaws.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Close up of a great white.

The view from the top deck of the boat is great as well. However, you’ll need a camera with a very powerful zoom and fast telephoto lens (200m plus) to get great close ups. While you can spot the sharks from the top deck easier, I still think that if you want to get an awesome close up of a shark, you should stick to the lower deck. It will also be easier to get shots of the shark lunging from the water since you’ll be close to eye/mouth level with the shark.

Gansbaai South Africa Great White Shark Cage Dive
Great white popping up out of the water.

Getting out of the cage

After you come out of the cage they provide you with hot chocolate and a sandwich and chips pack. At that time you’ll be able to change out of your wet suit and back into your dry clothes, unless you’re part of the last group. In that case, you’ll probably have to just wait the 15 or 20 minutes it takes to get back to the dock.

Debriefing

When you arrive back to the dock, you’ll head back to The Great White House. There, you can pay a few bucks to take a shower in some make-shift showers and always get something to eat. When we arrived back they served us some nice warm soup and then played us a video of our experience that they had quickly put together. This is also your chance to participate in one of their programs where you can help with their conservation efforts, so I suggest devoting a little bit of time to hearing them out. 

 

Final word

Very few things can compare to the adrenaline rush of coming face to face with a massive great white underwater and this is an experience that only a very small number of places around the world can offer you. It’s estimated that around 2/5 of the world’s great whites inhabit these waters so it’s a special place to view them at. This activity can suit people of all ages and all it takes is a little sense of adventure and you’re good to go. If you’re in the Cape Town area, then you owe it to yourself to at least entertain the idea of getting into the ocean with great whites — you won’t regret it! 

 

 

 

2 comments

  1. I went shark cage diving in Gansbaai in April. I used Great White Shark Tours (top Tripadvisor rated) which seemed equally good. I would recommend NOT eating breakfast right before boarding, the constant swaying of the boat had a large number of passengers feeling very nauseous. Specially if you were on the lower deck. Once in the water, the cold temp made the nausea better, though the tuna bait being thrown in front of us made me dry heave. As soon as we returned to shore the nauseous feeling disappeared and we were able to eat lunch which was offered by our tour company. This is a must do activity. You won’t regret it.

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